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Sunday, January 17, 2016


Blue Fire

Ijen Crater is a crater that's located on a top Ijen Mountain. Ijen Mountain is an active volcano located on the border between Banyuwangi and Bondowoso, East Java, Indonesia. Mount Ijen is part of a nature reserve Ijen tour, this mountain has an altitude of 2,443 meters above sea level and is located adjacent to the Merapi Mount.

Ijen Crater

        Ijen Crater is a crater lake has a depth of 200 meters and wide crater reached 5,466 hectares. The lake is acidic and an a largest acidic lakes in the world. The acid content (pH) in the crater lake is approaching zero with temperatures reaching 200 degrees Celsius, which means the water is enough to melt the crater of the human body in a short time. However, provided you are within a safe distance, the crater lake is pretty safe, but because it has a very high sulfur content, then you should wear a mask for the comfort of your breathing.

        From the top of Mount Ijen, you can see the view of the bluish-green crater that reflect sunlight. Yellow sulfur rock wall and a stretch of trees adds to the beautiful scenery in this mountain top. However, You should wear thick clothes and warm as the temperature is very cold at the peak of the mountain, about 10-2 degrees Celsius.

        Besides the beautiful scenery, you can also see the amazing phenomenon of Blue Fire. The Blue Fire appeared in the center of mining sulfur and can only be seen in the early morning, at around 2-4 am. In this world, there are only two places that have a Blue Fire, which in Iceland and the Crater of Ijen Indonesia.

Blue Fire

        The researchers say the Blue Fire is not fire or lava emerging from the earth, but the burning of sulfur gases in contact with air at temperatures above 360 degrees Celsius. This cause, this phenomenon is only visible when the night / before sunrise to arrive. After sunrise, the source of this Blue Fire turns yellow or orange-called sulfur, dried sulfur is then a matter of local residents mines.

Sulfur Miners

        Mining process here is very simple and not using the machine, the miners will go down closer to the crater and broke the bars sulfur dries with simple equipment. Sulfur fraction is then transported using a basket bear. Heavy burden borne sulfur reaches 80-100 kg should they bring with walk 3 km to the collection points sulfur passes rise and fall. Therefore, for security reasons, each miner can only carry a maximum of 2 times a day sulfur.

Sulfur Miners

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