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Sunday, January 3, 2016

WAYANG KULIT (SHADOW PUPPET), INDONESIA ART & CULTURE

Shadow Puppet

Wayang kulit ( Shadow Puppet ) is a traditional Indonesian art are mainly developed in Java, Indonesia. Shadow Puppet played by a Dalang ( puppeteer ) who is also the narrator's dialogue puppet characters, accompanied by gamelan music played by a group of nayaga and songs by Sinden (the singer).

Dalang (puppeteer)

Sinden (singer)

Played Gamelan

        Puppeteer play shadow puppets behind the screen, the screen is made of white cloth, while behind him flashed lights, so that the spectators who were on the other side of the screen can see the shadow puppet who fall into the screen. In order to understand the story of puppets, the audience must have knowledge of puppet characters. A popular story is played puppeteer Mahabharat and Ramayan. Puppeteer also can improvise by mixing things are trends and political elements in the style of their own.

        UNESCO designated wayang kulit, a shadow puppet theatre and the best known of the Indonesian wayang, as a Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity on 7 November 2003. In return for the acknowledgment, UNESCO required Indonesians to preserve their heritage.


MANUFACTURE
        Shadow puppets made from buffalo or cow leather that has been processed into leather sheet, the skin should be dried first. A puppet requires approximately the size of 50 x 30 cm leather sheet which is then sculpted with sharp pointed metal made of steel are of good quality. The steel is made in advance in a variety of shapes and sizes, there is sharp, flat, small, large and other forms, each of which has a different function.

Making Shadow Puppets

        Furthermore, the installation of body parts such as hands. There are two connections on hands, upper arms and elbows, how to connect it with a small screw made of buffalo or cow horn. Furthermore, stalk whose function is to move the sleeves are also made blackish color derived from buffalo horn or wood materials. And gold colors generally using prada namely gold color paper affixed or it could be painted with powder melted. Puppet who uses prada, the results are much better, the color can last longer.


PUPPETEER
        Dalang (puppeteer) is the most important part in a puppet show, because without a puppeteer, puppet show could not happen. In addition to master the technique of puppet, a puppeteer must be knowledgeable and able to give effect.

Puppeteer



Indonesian Puppet is the original art of Indonesian culture. If there are other countries that claim the puppet is their country, it's a big lie.

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